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The universalist command to “love thy neighbor as thyself” refers the topic to those surrounding him, who he should love unilaterally if necessary.

The universalist command to “love thy neighbor as thyself” refers the topic to those surrounding him, who he should love unilaterally if necessary.

The demand employs the logic of shared reciprocity, and tips at an Aristotelian basis that the niche should love himself in certain appropriate way: for embarrassing outcomes would ensue if he adored himself in an especially improper, perverted way! Philosophers can debate the character of “self-love” suggested in this—from the Aristotelian idea that self-love is essential for almost any sort of social love, into the condemnation of egoism therefore the impoverished examples that pride and self-glorification from where to base one’s love of some other. St. Augustine relinquishes the debate—he claims that no demand will become necessary for a person to love himself (De bono viduitatis, xxi). Analogous to your logic of “it is much better to give than to receive”, the universalism of agape requires an invocation that is initial some body: in a reversal regarding the Aristotelian place, the onus for the Christian is from the morally better than expand like to other people. However, the demand additionally involves an egalitarian love-hence the Christian rule to “love thy enemies” (Matthew 5:44-45). Such love transcends any perfectionist or aristocratic notions that some are (or must certanly be) more loveable than the others. Agape discovers echoes into the ethics of Kant and Kierkegaard, who assert the ethical significance of offering unbiased respect or like to someone else qua person in the abstract.