Data collectors secured the interview data and were blinded to women’s assignment to the intervention arms. Two trained Latina health educators presented AMIGAS in Spanish during 4 interactive group sessions lasting 2.5 hours each. The sessions took place on consecutive Thursday evenings at the Miami–Dade County HIV/AIDS Office, with 7 to 8 participants per group.
Instead the majority, especially those of younger generations, speak Spanish as a first language. Today, the most common Arabic surnames in Mexico include Nader, Hayek, Ali, Haddad, Nasser, Malik, Abed, Mansoor, Harb and Elias. The absolute indigenous population is growing, but at a slower rate than the rest of the population so that the percentage of indigenous peoples is nonetheless falling.
First, a factor analysis indicated that the factor structure of the UAS-3AC items was explained by four underlying types of attributions about addiction. The study was approved by, and conducted in compliance with, the institutional review board at a large southeastern university. Decades of research have established links between socioeconomic variables and substance use among U.S.
A single trained Latina health educator delivered the general health intervention in Spanish to the women who were randomized to the comparison group. The single-session, 2.5-hour interactive group interventions also took place on Thursday evenings, with an average of 7 to 8 women. Comparison participants viewed a video in Spanish that provided basic HIV information.
I first started running this program out of my own living room, in order to bring Latina women together to build peer support and increase opportunities for Latina women in our community. This program grew into a one-year leadership development and community service program and today I am so proud to say that over 820 women have graduated from MSL as Peer Leaders! MSL is a life changing experience that has had a profound impact on the lives of so many women who have successfully rebuilt their self-esteem, recovered their pride in their identities as Latina women and re-established their dreams.
The efficacy of AMIGAS may also be partly attributable to inclusion of Latina women and integration of Latina cultural values in all facets of the study, from the conceptualization, adaptation, and implementation of the intervention to the recruitment and retention of participants and study evaluation. The adaptation process remained faithful to the underlying theories and core elements of the original SiSTA intervention.
Yet, personal income was not directly linked to attributions about addiction in the current study. The relatively low personal income levels among participants may not have provided enough variability to detect direct effects on attributions. Educational level was inversely related to extent of agreement with the moral/character models of addiction. In addition, marijuana using women disagreed with spiritual attributions when they were more educated in comparison to marijuana using women who reported lower levels of education. Thus, it may be important for social workers to consider the wide range of educational levels among Latinas, and how varying levels of education and drug use may influence beliefs about drug use.
For a more precise analysis on the nationality and identity of Mexico, see Mexican nationality law. The Census and Our Flawed Efforts to Classify Americans (Princeton University Press; 2013) argues for dropping the race question from the census. The Census Bureau warns that data on race in 2000 census are not directly comparable to those collected in previous censuses. Many residents of the United States consider race and ethnicity to be the same.
Chicanos, Californios, Nuevomexicanos and Tejanos are Americans of Spanish and/or Mexican descent. Chicanos live in the Southwest, Nuevomexicanos in New Mexico, and Tejanos in Texas. Nuevomexicanos and Tejanos are distinct cultures with their own cuisines, dialects and musical traditions. The term “Chicano” became popular amongst Mexican Americans in the 1960s during the Chicano nationalism and Chicano Movement, and is today seen as an ethnic and cultural identity by some.
¡Avanzando Juntas! Latina Economic Empowerment Program
Maria Amparo Ruiz de Burton was the first Mexican immigrant to write a novel in English. Her literary works gave Latina women in the United States a new voice by delving into race, gender, and class of the times. This set the tone for many Latino and Latina immigrants to create works in American society. In Florida, Maria Jose Fletcher is the founder and co-director of VIDA Legal Assistance, a not-for-profit legal organization whose purpose is to provide legal support for the immigrant women who have been victims of violent crimes. This organization acknowledges and aims to solve the issue of fear of deportation that plagues the Latina community and makes it fearful of reporting such crimes.
See, for instance, Music of Catalonia or Rock català, Music of Galicia, Cantabria and Asturias, and Basque music. Flamenco is also a very popular music style in Spain, especially in Andalusia. Spanish ballads “romances” can be traced in Argentina as “milongas”, same structure but different scenarios.
Cultural norms, thought to discourage substance use by women, may protect Latinas from substance abuse and dependence by promoting abstinence (Canino, Burnam, Caetano, & Helzer, 1992; Canino, 1994; Welte & Barnes, 1995). The current study similarly found that, on average, Latina adults sporadically used alcohol, marijuana, and sedatives non-medically during a three month time period. While nativity did not directly relate with attributions, women who reported marijuana use endorsed more spiritual attributions when they were foreign born than when they were born in the U.S. Table 3 presents the associations between hypothesized predictors ; interaction terms; and disease, psychosocial, spiritual, and moral/character attribution subscales in the final step of each regression model.
Donors of the H100 Latina Giving Circle have the opportunity to give, connect and participate in the grant making process with a range of opportunities http://mcarre.tn/2020/05/13/a-few-ideas-remedies-and-strategies-for-colombian-women/ to review, vet and vote on a selection of grantees. Of the 73 women serving in statewide elective executive offices, six are Latina.
The National Women’s Law Center estimates that the gender wage gap amounts to a loss of $26,095 a year. That amount can mean a lot to a working family attempting to pay its bills, put food on the table, and provide for their children. NWLC also estimates that over the course of a 40-year career, with the current wage gap, the average Latina would lose over a million dollars in wages. Wage gaps also harm the individuality of working Latinas and limit their social and economic mobility. The academy will provide a series of informational sessions on various topics that will better prepare women entering the world of entrepreneurship.
Like Stateside Virgin Islands Americans, Stateside Puerto Ricans are West Indian Americans who hold US citizenship and who have migrated to the US proper, and their descendants. Puerto Ricans who were born in Puerto Rico are US citizens, consequently, using the term “Puerto Rican American” only for those living in a U.S. state or incorporated territory is confusing if taken out of context. The term Latinx has been sweeping across college campuses in the nation with the intent of creating inclusion while inadvertently pitting members of the Latino community into a cultural war.
Census figures, the Puerto Rican population has one of the highest poverty and incarceration rates among all ethnic groups in the United States. The Puerto Rican community is also one of the most segregated ethnic groups in the country.
Instead, addressing outright wage discrimination, occupational segregation, and work-life supports for Hispanic women of all ages is crucial to ensure that Hispanic women and all other women can be fairly remunerated and represented equal to men based on their skills, interests, and ambitions—their human capital. The disaggregation of the white male premium and Hispanic woman penalty detailed in Figure 7 sheds light on the mechanism through which the wage gap changes with rising education. Regardless of their level of education, white men benefit from approximately similar wage premiums—just above 20 percent.
Its affirmative standing was also recognized before and after the creation of the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico in 1952. Puerto Rican citizenship was recognized by the United States Congress in the early twentieth century and continues unchanged after the creation of the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico. The United States government also continues to recognize a Puerto Rican nationality.
The majority of interviews occurred in participants’ homes (69%) or at researchers’ university offices (19%). Interviews were conducted in either Spanish (65%) or English (35%) by eleven trained and supervised female assessors. All but one of the assessors self-identified as Latina and were bilingual in English and Spanish. The non-Latina assessor was Haitian-American and conducted interviews with English-speaking participants. Eight interviewers were master’s-level graduate students, and three were bachelor’s-level students.