An Annotated Bibliography For Taiwan Film Studies

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In 1971, the ROC authorities walked out of the United Nations shortly earlier than it recognized the PRC authorities in Beijing because the legitimate holder of China’s seat within the United Nations. The ROC had been offered twin illustration taiwanese girls, but Chiang Kai-shek demanded to retain a seat on the UN Security Council, which was not acceptable to the PRC. Chiang expressed his determination in his famous “the sky is not large enough for 2 suns” speech.

In accordance with the provisions of Article 2 of San Francisco Peace Treaty, the Japanese formally renounced the territorial sovereignty of Taiwan and Penghu islands, and the treaty was signed in 1951 and came into pressure in 1952. At the date when the San Francisco Peace Treaty came into pressure, the political standing of Taiwan and Penghu Islands was nonetheless unsure.

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In the Mudan Incident of 1871, an Okinawan ship was wrecked on the southern tip of Taiwan and 54 crewmen had been beheaded by Paiwan aborigines. After the Qing authorities refused to make compensation, stating that the aboriginals weren’t under its management, Japan launched a punitive expedition to the area in 1874, withdrawing after the Qing promised to pay an indemnity. As a part of the settlement for shedding the Sino-Japanese War, the Qing empire ceded the islands of Taiwan and Penghu to Japan on April 17, 1895, according to the terms of the Treaty of Shimonoseki. The lack of Taiwan would turn out to be a rallying point for the Chinese nationalist motion within the years that followed.

The Republic of China and Japan signed the Treaty of Taipei on April 28, 1952 and the treaty came into pressure on August 5. Writing in the American Journal of International Law, professors Jonathan I. Charney and J. R. V. Prescott argued that “none of the post–World War II peace treaties explicitly ceded sovereignty over the coated territories to any particular state or authorities.”

He expressed his admiration about the effectivity of Japanese authorities in developing Taiwan, and commented on how fortunate the Taiwanese were to live under such efficient administration. Somewhat paradoxically, Chen Yi would later become the ROC’s first Chief Executive of Taiwan, who would be notorious for the corruption that occurred underneath his watch. Under the governor Shimpei Goto’s rule, many major public works projects were completed. The Taiwan rail system connecting the south and the north and the modernizations of Kīrun and Takao ports had been completed to facilitate transport and transport of raw materials and agricultural merchandise.

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Food production had elevated fourfold and sugar cane manufacturing had elevated 15-fold between 1895 and 1925 and Taiwan turned a major foodbasket serving Japan’s industrial economy. A health care system was widely established and infectious illnesses had been nearly completely eradicated. The common lifespan for a Taiwanese resident would become 60 years by 1945.

In the instant aftermath of World War II, post-struggle economic situations compounded with the then-ongoing Chinese Civil War caused severe inflation throughout mainland China and in Taiwan, made worse by disastrous foreign money reforms and corruption. The Republic of China established Taiwan Provincial Government in September 1945 and proclaimed on October 25, 1945 as “Taiwan Retrocession Day.” This is the day during which the Japanese troops surrendered. The validity of the proclamation is subject to some debate, with some supporters of Taiwan independence arguing that it is invalid, and that the date solely marks the start of navy occupation that persists to the current. Between the Japanese surrender of Taiwan in 1945 and April 25, 1946, the Republic of China forces repatriated 90% of the Japanese dwelling in Taiwan to Japan. During the immediate postwar interval, the Kuomintang administration on Taiwan was repressive and very corrupt in contrast with the previous Japanese rule, resulting in local discontent.

The Bank of Taiwan was established in 1899 to encourage Japanese private sectors, together with Mitsubishi and the Mitsui Group, to spend money on Taiwan. In 1900, the third Governor-General of Taiwan handed a price range which initiated the building of Taiwan’s railroad system from Kīrun to Takao .

Free enterprise had allowed native Taiwanese to realize a powerful bargaining chip of their demands for respect for their basic human rights. The Kaohsiung Incident would be a serious turning point for democracy in Taiwan.

In October 1935, the Governor-General of Taiwan held an “Exposition to Commemorate the 40th Anniversary of the Beginning of Administration in Taiwan”, which served as a showcase for the achievements of Taiwan’s modernization course of under Japanese rule. This attracted worldwide attention, including the Republic of China’s Kuomintang regime which despatched the Japanese-educated Chen Yi to attend the affair.

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Anti-mainlander violence flared on February 28, 1947, prompted by an incident during which a cigarette vendor was injured and a passerby was indiscriminately shot lifeless by Nationalist authorities. During the following crackdown by the KMT administration in what grew to become generally known as the February 28 Incident, tens of thousands of individuals had been killed or arrested, and the incident turned a taboo topic of dialogue for the complete martial legislation period. In the Cairo Declaration of 1943, the Allied Powers declared the return of Taiwan to the Republic of China as one of a number of Allied calls for.

In October 1971, Resolution 2758 was handed by the UN General Assembly and “the representatives of Chiang Kai-shek” have been expelled from the UN and changed as “China” by the PRC. The late Seventies and early Eighties had been a turbulent time for Chinese individuals born in Taiwan, as most of the people who had initially been oppressed and left behind by economic changes turned members of the Taiwan’s new middle class.

On the eve of the First Sino-Japanese War, about forty five p.c of the island was administered under direct Qing administration while the remaining was flippantly populated by Aborigines. In a inhabitants of around 2.5 million, about 2.3 million have been Han Chinese and the remaining 200 thousand were classified as members of assorted indigenous tribes. During the Sino-French War, the French tried an invasion of Taiwan through the Keelung Campaign in 1884. Liu Mingchuan, who was main the protection of Taiwan, recruited Aboriginals to serve alongside the Chinese soldiers in combating against the French.

By 1905 the island had electric energy supplied by water energy in Nichigetsu Lake , and in subsequent years Taiwan was thought of the second-most developed area of East Asia . By 1905, Taiwan was financially self-adequate and had been weaned off of subsidies from Japan’s central government.